ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Thursday, August 13, 2020

Edible Fruits

 

Edible Fruits
 
 
S. No.
Botanical name/Common name
Family
Edible part
1
Abelmoschus manihot (H)
Malvaceae
Fruit
2
Acacia leucophloea (T)
(Safed kikar)
Mimosaceae
Gum and pods
3
Baccaurea courtallensis (T)
Euphorbiaceae
Fruit
4
Berberis  asiatica (S)
Berberidaceae
Pulp is edible
5
Bombax ceiba (T)
(Semul)
Bombacaceae
Tender fruits eaten as vegetable
6
Buchanania lanzan (T)
(Chironji)
Anacardiaceae
Flesh of ripe fruit eaten raw as well as roasted, seed used in sweet meats
7
Carissa carandas (S)
Apocynaceae
Half ripe fruit is pickled and ripe is eaten fresh
8
Ceriops tagal (T)
Rhizophoraceae
Fruit is boiled and cooked as vegetable
9
Citrus hystrix (T)
Rutaceae
Unripe fruits are eaten raw
10
Debregeasia longifolia (T) (Sansaru)
Urticaceae
Ripe fruits are eaten fresh
11
Diospyros  ferrea (S)
Ebenaceae
Pulp of ripe fruits
12
Ehretia acuminate (S or T)
(Pandayan)
Ehretiaceae
Ripe fruit is eaten and unripe fruit is picked
13
Embelia undulata (S)
Myrisinaceae
The ripe fruits are eaten
14
Ficus auriculata (T)
(Timla)
Moraceae
Fruits are eaten as vegetable and ripe eaten raw
15
Fragaria vesca (H)
(Pahari rasbhari)
Rosaceae
Fruits edible
16
Garcinia atroviridis (T)
Clusiaceae
Fresh fruits are sliced, sun dried and used in curries
17
Gardenia campanulata (S)
Rubiaceae
Cooked fruits are eaten
18
Hippophae rhamnoides (S)
Elaeagnaceae
The fruit is made into jelly
19
Holostemma ada-kodien (C)
Asclepiadaceae
Fruits are eaten
20
Ixora arborea (S)
(Katagandhal)
Rubiaceae
Fruits are eaten
21
Juglans regia (T)
(Walnut)
Juglandaceae
Fruit (nut)
22
Lasia spinosa (H)
Araceae
Fruits are eaten
23
Maclura cochinchinensis (S)
(Dammar)
Moraceae
Ripe fruit
24
Oroxylum indicum (T)
(Arlu)
Bignoniaceae
Fruits are eaten as vegetable
25
Pandanus andamanensium (S or T) (Keora)
Pandanaceae
Fruits are eaten cooked
26
Rhamnus pentapomica (S or T)
Rhamnaceae
Fruit is sweet and eaten
27
Salacia chinensis (ST)
Hippocrateaceae
Pulp of ripe fruit is eaten
28
Tamarindus indica (T)
(Imli)
Caesalpiniaceae
Pulp of ripe fruits is used in sauces, curries, chutneys, etc.
29
Terminalia catappa (T)
(Deshi-Badam)
Combretaceae
Seeds are sweet and excellent substitute for almond
30
Uvaria cordata (C)
Annonaceae
Fruits are used
31
Vaccinium sprengelii (T or S)
Vacciniaceae
Ripe fruits are eaten
32
Willughbeia  edulis (C)
Apocynaceae
Fruit is eaten by tribals
33
Xantolis tomentosa (T)
Sapotaceae
Unripe fruit are made into pickles
34
Ziziphus mauritiana (T or S)
Rhamnaceae
Eaten fresh pulp is juicy and rich in vitamin C
 
 
B- Bamboo, C- Climber, H- Herb, S- Shrub, T- Tree

Source: Dwivedi, A.P. Forests: The non-wood resources. Dehradun, IBD.