ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Monday, April 6, 2020

Forest Fire Awareness

Forest Fires
 
An uncontrolled fire on land covered wholly or partly by timber, brush, grass, grain or other flammable vegetation.
 
 
Essential Elements of Fires
 
1.             Oxygen
2.             Heat
3.             Fuel
 
 
 
 


 
Types of Forest Fires
 
Surface fire
A fire that burns only surface litter, other loose debris of the forest floor, and the smaller vegetation.

 

 


 

Crown fire
A fire that advances from top to top of trees or shrubs more or less independently of the surface fire.

 


 

Ground fire
 
Fire that burns the organic material in the soil layer and often above the surface litter and small vegetation.

 


 

 

Causes of Forest Fires
 
1.             Natural causes
2.             Man-made causes
3.             Unintentional or Accidental fire
4.             Fires due to collection of minor forest produce
5.             Fires due to logging operations
6.             Fires due to management reasons
 
Damage from Forest Fires
 
1.             Destruction of seeds
2.             Destruction of young seedlings
3.             Damage of young plants and trees
4.             Deterioration of site
5.             Injury to wildlife
 
Control of Forest Fires
1.             Preventive measures
2.             Combative measures
3.             Remedial measures
 
 
Fire Prevention Methods
1.             Relationships with public
2.             Personal contact
3.             Special campaigns
4.             Religious sermons
5.             Training
6.             Public awareness